Action Fields Leadership Policy Finance Partnership Education Human Resources Management Systems Monitoring and Evaluation Planning Implementation Situational Analysis


Areas of Intervention

  • Setting levels of salaries and allowances
  • Budgeting and projections for HRH intervention resource requirements including salaries, allowances, education, incentive packages, etc.
  • Increasing fiscal space and mobilizing financial resources (e.g., government, Global Fund, PEPFAR, donors)
  • Data on HRH expenditures (e.g., National Health Accounts, etc.)


  • Salaries and allowances competitive in local labor market
  • Salaries and allowances equitable between cadres of health workers
  • National health accounts routinely collect data on HRH expenditure.

Tools and Guidelines

Designing Evidence-Based Incentives to Attract and Retain Health Workers. CapacityPlus, 2012

Financial Management Assessment Tool (FINMAT). MSH, 2010

Framework for Purchasing Health Care Labor. World Bank, 2004.

Guidelines: Incentives for Health Professionals. Global Health Workforce Alliance; International Council of Nurses; International Hospital Federation; International Pharmaceutical Federation; World Confederation for Physical Therapy; World Dental Federation; World Medical Association, 2008.

How to Pay: Understanding and Using Incentives. World Bank, 2004.

Innovative Financing Options for the Preservice Education of Health Professionals. CapacityPlus, 2013

Interactive Costing Tool Guide. Partnership for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health–PMNCH and WHO.

Managing Your Organization’s Finances. Management Sciences for Health (MSH), 2006.

Paying for Performance in Health: Guide to Developing the Blueprint. USAID Health Systems 20/20 Project, 2008.

Resource Requirements Tool (RRT). Global Health Workforce Alliance, 2009.


Contemporary Specificities of Labour in the Health Care Sector: Introductory Notes for Discussion. Human Resources for Health, 2005.

Costing the Scaling –Up of Human Resources For Health: Lessons from Mozambique and Guinea Bissau. HRH Journal. Volume 8. Issue 14. 2010

Emerging Opportunities for Recruiting and Retaining a Rural Health Workfoce through Decentralized Health Financing Systems. Bulletin of WHO. Volume 88; Issue 5. 2010

Financing and Economic Aspects of Health Workforce Scale-up and Improvement: Framework Paper Global Health Workforce Alliance and World Health Organization, 2009.

Human Resources and Financing for the Health Sector in Malawi. Authors Picazo and Martineau. World Bank, MOH Malawi. 2009

Performance-Based Reimbursement Scheme: A Final Report of a Pilot Study. RTI International, NGO Service Delivery Program, 2006.

Planning and Costing Human Resources for Health. Glassman, Becker, Makinen, de feranti. The Lancet. Volume 371. Issue 9613. 2008.

What Countries Can Do Now: Twenty-Nine Actions to Scale-Up and Improve the Health Workforce Global Health Workforce Alliance and World Health Organization, 2009.